Kara Kum Desert

Climate And Environment In Central Asia

MountainThe Central Asia historic spaces covers the Caspian and Aral seas, the vast desert lands of Karakum and Kyzyl Kum, limitless Kazakh steppes, gorgeous ice covered mountains of Tien Shan, Pamir, Alai, Altai and the vital rivers of Amu Darya, Syr Darya, Ural, Irtysh. Forming the five countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan (having total around 72 million people).

The lowlands areas (mainly Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan), have the vast spaces of steppes, semi-desert or desert zones. This climate patterns include Tashkent, Samarkand, Ashgabat, Dushanbe. Open and unprotected by large water basins, the temperature fluctuations are fast and severe, with hot long summers and cool or sometimes cold winters. In the most areas, the climate is dry and continental, with semi-arid or arid zones.

Kara Kum DesertThe main precipitation period starting in March – April, some part of May. The completely dry season from June – July – August, with average temperatures close to or above 40 C, rarest rain may happen as a great surprise.

The renewed precipitation, restart in the end of September and continue in October- November. The warm temperatures return in September, the cool air returns and finally cold in November- December. The rare snowfalls in the winter, with average temperatures 0 C – 5 C, some years with drop to minus 10 or minus 15 C in Karakum or Kyzyl Kum desert areas.The coldest area is in Kazakh open steppes reaching minus -30 C or minus -40 C.

Starting from Nowruz (Spring) Holiday in end of March 21, the nature wake up from the winter sleep, upbringing warm and caressing temperatures, showing its dance of colors with green valleys, flowers of red, blue, yellow, white and many other are in full bloom. The best time of year. In the beginning, the temperatures are around 10 -15 C, reaching in May 30-35 C warm.

The highlands areas (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, partly Kazakhstan, and a little part of Uzbekistan) have the glaciers and permafrost zones, feeding all main rivers of the Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan high mountains has the moderate climate zone, above 2000m elevations receiving heavy rainfall, but in general, the country has drought trends. Tajikistan half of the country is about on 3000 m elevations or above, having subtropical and semi-arid regions.

Early Spring in NohurThe average annual precipitation across highly mountainous Tajikistan is around 500 mm, through spring and early summer. Uzbekistan has less than half as much. Heavy winds prevail in the region, mainly across the plain spaces, leading in dust storms in many areas, in summer or autumn. Floods and mudflows risks in the mountain regions are frequent, the drought are relatively common.

Central Asia ecoregion is included the Palearctic biogeographic realm. Biomes of the dry steppe grasslands, the vast deserts, the montane forests, woodland and grasslands in the high mountains region and on the plateau.