Kara Kum Desert

The recent climate tendency in Central Asia

The Air Temperature increase in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Higher by 0.6- 1.3 C, over the past 50-70 years. The number of days with temperature above 40 C increased in the southern mostly populated areas of Central Asia

The Precipitation increase in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Small but increased precipitation in the semi desert low lands in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan. Winter precipitation particularly increased in Kazakhstan. Slight precipitation increase in the western Pamir and Turkistan Alay – Uzbekistan, north of Kyrgyzstan and central Tajikistan. Precipitation intensity observed in the southern and eastern parts of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan – the eastern Pamir and in the central Tien Shan of Kyrgyzstan

The Snow increase in Kazakhstan and lower in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. The seasonal snow covered area of the Ten Shan mountains decreased by 15 % over 20 last years.

The Climate Aridity and Desertification increase in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

The Extreme Weather Events and Climate Related Hazards increase in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

The Melting Ice and Permafrost increase in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Glaciers cover 4 % of Kyrgyzstan, 6 % of Tajikistan. There are also in Kazakhstan and in Uzbekistan covering an area of 12,000- 14,000 square km. The frozen water reserves in the glaciers is about 1,000 cubic km, the equivalent of 10 years water flowing down in Amu Darya and Syr Darya. Melt water from snow, glacier and permafrost supplies around 80 % of the total river runoff in central Asia. Today's rate of glacier melt in Central Asia is around 0.2- 1 % per year. The permafrost temperature increased by 0.3-0.6 C, over last three decades. The glacial lakes increase in the mountainous regions above Almaty, Bishkek cities, around Issyk-Kul lake, Ferghana valley, in the narrow Pamir and Hissar Alay valleys.

The Water Resources Availability in the future has mixed trends in Kazakhstan and lower in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan is known for the extraction of hydrocarbons and Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan develop the hydropower.